Women and power in parliamentary democracies cabinet appointments in Western Europe, 1968-1992 by Rebecca Howard Davis

Cover of: Women and power in parliamentary democracies | Rebecca Howard Davis

Published by University of Nebraska Press in Lincoln .

Written in English

Read online

Places:

  • Europe.

Subjects:

  • Women in politics -- Europe,
  • Women cabinet officers -- Europe

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 119-132) and index.

Book details

StatementRebecca Howard Davis.
SeriesWomen and politics ;, v. 2, Women & politics (Lincoln, Neb.) ;, v. 2.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHQ1236.5.E85 D38 1997
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 137 p. :
Number of Pages137
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL984591M
ISBN 100803217072
LC Control Number96022358

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Get this from a library. Women and power in parliamentary democracies: cabinet appointments in Western Europe, [Rebecca Howard Davis] -- Why do women, who make up more than half of the world's population, occupy so few positions at the highest levels of political power.

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A parliamentary system may be either bicameral, with two chambers of parliament (or houses) or unicameral, with just one parliamentary chamber.A bicameral parliament usually consists of a directly elected lower house with the power to determine the executive government, and an upper house which may be appointed or elected through a different mechanism from the lower house.

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The representation of women in parliament is a subject of extensive research and a focus for political action in the last decade. The wide variation in women's parliamentary presence contradicts the expectation that established or consolidated democracies are more supportive of the presence of women in political life than.

Women, Politics, and Power provides a clear and detailed introduction to women’s political representation across a wide range of countries and regions.

Using broad statistical overviews and detailed case-study accounts, authors Pamela Paxton and Melanie Hughes document both historical trends and the contemporary state of women’s political strength across diverse countries.

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This book provides systematic cross-national and case study evidence to show that political parties are the key mechanism for increasing women's parliamentary representation. Kittilson uncovers party-level mechanisms that explain the growth in women's parliamentary participation since the s in ten European by: Representative democracy, also known as indirect democracy or representative government, is a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.

Nearly all modern Western-style democracies are types of representative democracies; for example, the United Kingdom is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

In a parliamentary system, laws are made by majority vote of the legislature and signed by the head of state, who does not have an effective veto power. In most parliamentary democracies, the head of state can return a bill to the legislative body to signify disagreement with it.

Women in Power in Post-Communist Parliaments examines the life and work of women who have reached positions of political power after the end of communism in Europe. It explores the roles they have adopted, the relationships they have cultivated, and the agendas they have pursued.

Get this from a library. Sharing power: women, parliament, democracy. [Manon Tremblay;] -- "The volume examines the history of women's legislative involvement, cleanly addressing the issue of equal opportunities for women in political life on a cross-national basis.

It also identities. Parliamentary democracy is the most common way of organizing delegation and accountability in contemporary democracies. Yet knowledge of this type of regime has.

Gender is significant to personnel management and thus to wider strategic issues because women provide a source of labour power. As has so often been the case across military forces (see segal Author: Helena Carreiras. The two types of Parliamentary democracies are direct democracy, also known as consociational or consensus democracy, and representative democracy, otherwise called majoritarian democracy (Dickovick ).

A consensus democracy is founded on. Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία, The term is derived from the Greek words dēmokratiā, dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) "rule by [the] people") is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing people are and how authority is shared among them are core issues for democratic theory, development and constitution.

In worldwide comparisons of women in national parliaments, Sweden is regularly ranked at the top of the lists. Since universal suffrage was introduced inthe proportion of women parliamentarians has gradually increased to the current level, with a take-off phase in the s when the 20 per cent threshold was passed.

Thus, the development can be characterized as : Lenita Freidenvall. The representation of women in parliament is a subject of extensive research and a focus for political action in the last decade.

The wide variation in women's parliamentary presence contradicts the expectation that established or consolidated democracies are more supportive of the presence of women in political life than emerging democracies. Women, Power, Politics: The Hidden Story of Canada's Unfinished Democracy, by Sylvia Bashevkin, Oxford University Press, pages, $ Bashevkin "unpacks the evidence" of this discomfort and.

Figure Women's Parliamentary Representation by Region, ; Figure Total Number of Women Ever Serving as a Powerful Head of State or Prime Minister in a Presidential System, by Region ; Figure Women's Parliamentary Representation for Scandinavia and the West, – Newer democracies like Bolivia can experience a gender shock as it did in an October election, rising from 22 per cent to 53 per cent women in the lower house.

Older democracies take the. The Articles were produced by the Second Continental Congress during the Revolutionary War.

The Articles were successful in protecting state soverignty and keeping the central government from encroaching on the rights of the people. Women of Power is a testament to that accomplishment, offering the most comprehensive overview of female presidents and prime ministers to date.

Looking at over fifty countries and over seventy women leaders sinceTorild Skard—herself an experienced politician—examines how and why these women rose to the top and what their leadership. Offering encyclopedia, our ‘book on women power’ site notices Britain’s parliamentary system of democracy being regarded as ideal by many countries and many basing their constitutions on the British model.

The British system of voters electing MPs then they in turn electing the Prime Minister isn’t, however, without flaws. Copying Indians are slowly realising this fact and are getting. Iceland - Iceland - Government and society: Iceland’s constitution, which was adopted inestablished a parliamentary democracy with a directly elected president as head of state.

The powers of the president are similar to those of other heads of state in western European democracies. Real power rests with the member parliament, the Althingi (Althing). Women, Politics and Democracy in Latin America Edited by Tomáš Došek, Flavia Freidenberg, Mariana Caminotti and Betilde Muñoz-Pogossin, Palgrave Macmillan, Reviewed by Tiffany D.

Barnes The past two decades have seen increasing numbers of women elected to legislative assemblies across Latin America. Such inroads into these previously predominantly male institutions are primarily.

Women and Power in Parliamentary Democracies: Cabinet Appointments in Western Europe. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Davis, Richard, and Owen, Diana by: While the United Nations in called for women to hold 30 percent of parliamentary seats, only 26 out of countries reached this mark by Furthermore, democracy on its own does not promote women’s participation; two of the world’s oldest democracies, the United States and France, have lower-than-average female representation in.

In their recently published book, former Labour advisers Ayesha Hazarika and Tom Hamilton explore the backstage machinery behind Prime Minister’s Question g on her PhD research, which focuses on parliamentary mechanisms for holding prime ministers accountable in parliamentary democracies, Ruxandra Serban reflects on how the book informs wider debates in legislative studies.

Sources: IPU Women in national parliaments and IDEA Quota Project database. Parties as ‘gatekeepers’ Political parties are ‘gatekeepers to political office’ because of their role in the candidate selection process.

According to IDEA, they are ‘entrusted with perhaps the most strategic responsibility in a democracy—to prepare and select candidates for election and to support them in. The book explains an unexpected consequence of the decrease in conflict in Africa after the s. Analysis of cross-national data and in-depth comparisons of case studies of Uganda, Liberia and Angola show that post-conflict countries have significantly higher rates of women's political representation in legislatures and government compared with countries that have not undergone major by: This book provides systematic cross-national and case study evidence to show that political parties are the key mechanism for increasing women’s parliamentary representation.

Kittilson uncovers party-level mechanisms that explain the growth in women’s parliamentary participation since the s in ten European democracies. WOMEN IN POLITICAL LIFE An assessment of developments in national parliaments, political parties, governments and the Inter-Parliamentary Union, five years after the Fourth World Conference on Women Based on IPU’s world survey and analysed in August by Ms.

GenevièveFile Size: 1MB. Women’s legislative representation, innovative family policy, voting turnout, income inequality, and the Dahl rating of democratic quality in parliamentary-plurality, parliamentary- PR, and other democracies Women’s Family Voting Income Dahl repr.

Policy turnout top 20% rating Parliamentary-pluralit yCited by: Parliamentary system, democratic form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or ive functions are exercised by members of the parliament appointed by the prime minister to the parties in the minority serve in opposition to.

the last ten years. Their share of parliamentary seats rose from an average of 13 percent in to 21 percent in Yet there are important differences across countries and sub regions.

Countries with statutory gender quota laws tend to have greater numbers of women in power. The influence of quotas outweighs the effects of economic. Lijphart. Patterns of democracy. New Haven: Yale University Press. Chapters call our attention to two competing types of democracy.

The first, majoritarian or Westminster democracy, is what most people immediate think of when they think of democracy: A legislature elected by a simple majority of the voters governs, and voters throw the ruling party out if it governs poorly.

Australia was the first country to grant women voting rights in Kuwait most recently granted voting rights to women. Women more than men favor liberal or left-wing parties but this also appears to depend on gender roles in a society, women's religiosity, and age.

Follow Journal of Women, Politics & Policy on Twitter! @JournalWPP. Latest articles. Latest articles. A Comparative Look at Rightist, Political Women in Democracies. Shauna Shames, Malliga Och & Rosalyn Cooperman.

Pages: Book Reviews. book review. Becoming Madam Chancellor: Angela Merkel And The Berlin Republic.Women and Power in Parliamentary Democracies: Cabinet Appointments in Western Europe, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

(CP) January Explanations – Culture Paxton and Hughes: chp. 4, pp Arceneaux, Kevin. “The ‘Gender Gap’ in State Legislative Representation: NewAuthor: Pamela Paxton.Abstract. This article assesses how Swedish parliamentary democracy works today, almost one hundred years into its history.

Our main research question is whether the transformation of the Swedish party system since the s—and especially sincewhen the populist-radical-right Sweden Democrats entered parliament—has altered the way parliamentary democracy works.

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